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Excel's rounding function

ROUNDMULT: a more complex rounding function

Simple rounding: ROUND, EVEN and ROUND, ODD

Edit sheet layout: round only in format

- Excel's rounding function
- ROUNDMULT: a more complex rounding function
- Simple rounding: ROUND, EVEN and ROUND, ODD
- Edit sheet layout: round only in format

Excel offers you several functions to round values, but we will start with the simplest: the ** ROUND function ** , the way to use it is quite simple. First, you have to indicate the number you want to round. The second argument of the ROUND formula is the number that indicates ** the number of decimal places to which the value is to be rounded ** .

` `` =REDONDEAR(número;núm_decimales) `

The * number * argument refers to the value to be rounded, which can be inserted into the formula or indicate a ** reference to another cell ** ..

With the * num_decimals * parameter , it is determined from which position to round. If padded with positive values, the number is rounded to the ** specified ** ** number of ** ** decimal places ** . The 0 would not have any decimal places, so it is rounded to the nearest whole number. If instead it is padded with negative numbers, the number is rounded to the left of the separator.

` `` =REDONDEAR(22,5172;1) = 22,5 =REDONDEAR(22,5172;0) = 23 =REDONDEAR(22,5172;-1) = 20 `

The ROUND function can be executed either through the option? Insert function () ?, or by typing it directly in the edit bar. If the second alternative is chosen, keep in mind that the functions start with an ** equal sign ** (=) to prevent Excel from processing them as plain text..

To round with this formula, Excel uses the traditional method: if the figure to be eliminated is 1, 2, 3, or 4, it is rounded down, and if it is 5 or greater, it is rounded up. You can also customize the rounding rule by using the ROUNDUP and ROUNDLESS functions.

** nest functions ** . In this way, you can combine the ROUND function with other formulas.

` `` =REDONDEAR(PROMEDIO(17,251;3,4687;7,2513);2) = 9,32 `

In this example, the average of multiple values is determined and the result is rounded. Only the rounded result then appears in the cell.

With the ROUNDMULT function you can round a figure to a ** multiple ** (the nearest) of another figure. First of all, the figure to be rounded is indicated in the normal ROUND function formula. Again, you can also type the value directly, make a cell reference, or enter a new function in its place. As the second argument, write the value whose multiple you want to round to.

` `` =REDOND.MULT(número;múltiplo) `

** distance to the multiple ** , since Excel always chooses the shorter one. ** ** If there are ** two multiples at the same distance, it is rounded up ** .

` `` =REDOND.MULT(136;25) = 125 =REDOND.MULT(142;25) = 150 `

` `` =REDOND.MULT(A1;60)/60 `

With two simple functions you can round figures to the ** nearest odd or even number ** , either with or without decimal places. In the syntax, the only argument is the number to be rounded.

` `` =REDONDEA.PAR(número) =REDONDEA.IMPAR(número) `

In Excel you can also ** format cells ** to show only a certain number of decimal places. To do this, right-click on the appropriate selection and a context menu will open. Choose? Number format? * * and then the category * * ? Number ?, which will allow you to enter the desired number of decimal places. If you enter a 0 in this field, only whole numbers will be displayed. ** The difference between this process and the ROUND function is that the rounding only affects the format, that is, the presentation ** : the values are rounded in the table, but behind the scenes? correct numbers are stored, including decimals.

** The difference then becomes visible by continuing to trade the numbers ** . If, for example, the format of the cells has been edited with the values 2,4, 2,3 and 3,3 so that they do not show decimals, only the figures 2, 2 and 3 will be seen. When doing the sum of these values, however, Excel will show 8 as the result, since the program still takes into account the hidden decimals. If the ROUND function had been used, the result would be 7.